Over the last 30 years as a criminal defense attorney, I've tried many California Penal Code 187 PC murder cases at the jury level. I've negotiated many cases, as well, so I think I have a pretty good feel for getting that not guilty verdict.
I'll give you some examples, but I think the simplest way to get a not guilty verdict in a murder case is to show that the prosecutors have not proven their case to a jury. Before we discuss this, let's first explain the murder laws. Penal Code 187 PC defines the crime of murder as the unlawful killing of another person or a fetus with malice aforethought.
First-degree murder charges include all premeditated killings and felony murder involving a situation where someone dies during a rape, carjacking, robbery, or other serious crimes. A conviction for first-degree murder carries a sentence of 25 years to life in a California state prison.
If the killing involved torture or lying in wait, or another type of “special circumstance,” you can be sentenced to life in prison without parole or capital punishment.
If the murder didn't involve premeditation, it would be charged as a second-degree murder that carries a sentence of 15 years to life in prison if convicted. Second-degree murder is a willful act, but not deliberate, and there was no premeditation. It's any murder that doesn't fall under first-degree murder.
Capital murder is frequently called first-degree murder with special circumstances, including killing a police officer or a witness to prevent testimony. Our Los Angeles criminal defense lawyers will review this topic in more detail below in this article.
Elements of the Murder Crime
Penal Code 187 PC murder is a very serious crime, but the prosecutors must meet the elements of California Criminal Jury Instructions 520, which talks about what is necessary to prove murder. In other words:
- the person has to be acting with some malice of forethought;
- they have to have thought it out and decided to kill another person.
Then you have to have a situation where someone has passed away, and the facts and circumstances appear to be the charged person committed the Penal Code 187 PC murder.
They had no defense. For example, self-defense, defense of others, some mental defense; therefore, they're guilty of the murder. That's what the prosecutors have to prove.
Showing Prosecutors Have Not Met Their Burden of Proof
To prove them not guilty, you really have to show that the prosecutors have not met their burden, and sometimes that's easy to do, and sometimes that's not so easy to do.
It could be dangerous to go to trial on a murder case unless you know you can win, because if you fail, then your client is typically looking at some significant sentence – 15 to life, 25 to life, and:
- If there are guns used, that could be added enhancements;
- If there are gang allegations, there could be an added enhancement;
- If there are multiple victims, that could affect the sentence.
The best way to illustrate how to get that not guilty verdict on PC 187 murder is a case that I had several years ago, where my client was charged with murder in the Van Nuys criminal court.
We went to trial, and my client was found not guilty. So, you asked yourself, how was he found not guilty? The answer is the prosecutors did not present all of the information. There was information available that the defense was able to present that convinced the jury that the defendant was not guilty of murder. For example:
- alleged victim threatened defendant multiple times before shooting;
- alleged victim was armed with a knife;
- alleged victim was the aggressor;
- alleged victim was known to be a dangerous individual;
- alleged victim was in the process of kidnapping his ex-wife when the incident happened that led to his death.
Now, once some of these facts started to come to light, the jury began to scratch their heads and say, wait a minute. Just because this guy is charged with murder doesn't mean he's guilty.
How come this other guy is doing all of these other things? So, my client had a self-defense argument, and he also argued that instead of this being a murder where he planned to get the guy when he was at his house, the guy came and attacked him first.
This means he had to defend himself; he also argued that this was possibly voluntary manslaughter. In other words, during the heat of passion, he killed the alleged victim. But, the way the prosecutors presented it, they have the victim on the other side of a 9-foot high wrought iron fence dead, away from my client, and therefore, my client shot him in the back and killed him, that did make it sound like murder.
But, they left out the part that it is unclear how that first back shot got there, and it didn't necessarily occur when a person was on the other side of the fence because there were multiple shots fired. Again, the alleged victim was the aggressor.
So, to get the not guilty verdict, you've got to have some facts and circumstances that show the person is not guilty of the crime, despite what the prosecutors say. You know what, you're entitled to challenge their evidence.
Real Murder Case Example
I had another murder case in San Fernando. My client was involved in an incident where she had threatened to kill the alleged victim. She was chasing the victim through the San Fernando Valley, and the victim decided to run a red light at about 100 miles an hour.
My client stopped short, and unfortunately, the victim ended up passing away, having been involved in a horrible traffic collision, and basically, they applied malice in that case. The prosecutor said because she had threatened her and because my client was chasing the alleged victim when this occurred, she was guilty of murder.
But the jury came back not guilty because the alleged victim decided to go through traffic light at 100 miles an hour at a blind intersection, my client was able to stop. My client was able to assess that that was not a safe move. So, the argument was the alleged victim's actions were just so far out of the ordinary, they broke the chain of causation and caused their death.
My client was not responsible for the death – at least not for California Penal Code 187 PC murder – negligent vehicular manslaughter was a different charge, and that's what the jury ended up coming back with because my client was chasing because she did threaten her.
There were facts there, but that not guilty verdict in the murder case was crucial because if she went down for the murder verdict, she would be in prison pretty much for the rest of her life.
So, you start to see now how to get that not guilty verdict is to come up with facts and circumstances that the prosecutors aren't considering, that the police did investigate, or the prosecutors are considering them, and they don't care. They want that murder conviction.
What Are the Related Crimes for Murder?
- Penal Code 664/187 PC – attempted murder,
- Penal Code 192(a) PC – voluntary manslaughter,
- Penal Code 192(b) PC – involuntary manslaughter,
- Penal Code 191.5(b) PC – vehicular manslaughter,
- Penal Code 191.5(a) PC – gross vehicular manslaughter,
- Penal Code 187 PC – DUI Watson murder,
- Penal Code 186.22 PC – gang enhancement.
Highly Experienced Murder Defense
Now you've got to get a champion like me who's done many murder cases throughout California, handled 250 jury trials, and done criminal defense for 30 years. I've worked for a judge who's worked for the prosecution at some point and who knows how to win and knows how to win and how to assess if it's the type of case to fight.
Sometimes you don't want to fight. You've got to look at both sides of the coin, and if it's determined after all is said and done, there's a high probability my client will be found guilty of murder. You don't fight that case unless you're forced to because there is no offer I made.
I had another murder case in Norwalk. The offer on the case was 25 to life. I said to the prosecutor, even if he goes to trial and loses, he's not going to get anything more than 25 to life, so you're not even making an offer in the case.
We went to trial and got a not guilty verdict again because the prosecutors didn't carefully assess their evidence. Their main witness in the case was subject to an attack. He was attacked, and that ended up destroying their case.
If you need the best, pick up the phone and call. Set up a meeting with Ron Hedding. Come face to face with me. Let's talk about the case. If it's for you or your loved one, I stand at the ready to help you. Hedding Law Firm is located in Los Angeles County and offers a free case evaluation by phone or our contact form.
Related Content: Why Are Jury Instructions Important to a California Trial?